Guides for Authors
Alif Guides for Authors
Consult MLA Handbook 9th edition. Examples below are from this edition:
For references inside the article, use parenthetical citations.
Work by less than three authors: (Dorris and Erdrich 23)
Work by three or more authors: (Burdick et al. 45)
Author with more than one work: (Jacobs, The Pleasures [short title] 23)
Work published online: (Chan)
Make sure to include full bibliographic information for each works cited entry, paying special attention to punctuation:
Book by less than 3 authors: Jacobs, Alan. The Pleasures of Reading in an Age of Distraction. Oxford UP, 2011.
Book by 3 or more authors: Burdick, Anne, et al. Digital Humanities. MIT P, 2012.
Edited book by less than 3 editors: Holland, Merlin, and Rupert Hart-Davis, editors. The Complete Letters of Oscar Wilde. Henry Holt, 2000.
Edited book by 3 or more editors: Baron, Sabrina Alcorn, et al., editors. Agent of Change: Print Culture Studies after Elizabeth L. Eisenstein. U of Massachusetts P/Center for the Book, Library of Congress, 2007.
- Neruda, Pablo. Canto General. Translated by Jack Schmitt, U of California P, 1991.
Njus, Jesse. Performing the Passion: A Study on the Nature of Medieval Acting. 2010. Northwestern U, PhD dissertation.
Chapter in a Book
- Dewar, James A., and Peng Hwa Ang. "The Cultural Consequences of Printing and the Internet." Agent of Change: Print Culture Studies after Elizabeth L. Eisenstein, edited by Sabrina Alcorn Baron et al., U of Massachusetts P/Center for the Book, Library of Congress, 2007, pp. 365-77.
Article Published in a Journal/Periodical
- Baron, Naomi S. "Redefining Reading: The Impact of Digital Communication Media." PMLA, vol. 128, no. l, Jan. 2013, pp. 193-200.
Lecture Address, Conference Talk, or Presentation
- Atwood, Margaret. “Silencing the Scream.” Boundaries of the Imagination Forum. MLA Annual Convention, 29 Dec. 1993, Royal York Hotel, Toronto.
- When using an electronic source form the internet, copy the URL in full from your web browser and omit http:// or https://. Try to provide the DOI or Permalink if possible (including http:// or https://).
Article Published on an Online Journal/Periodical
- Chan, Evans. "Postmodernism and Hong Kong Cinema." Postmodern Culture, vol. 10, no. 3, May 2000. Project Muse, https://doi:10.1353/pmc.2000.0021.
Article Posted on a Website
- Hollmichel, Stefanie. "The Reading Brain: Differences between Digital and Print." So Many Books, 25 Apr. 2013, somanybooksblog.com/2013/04/25/the-readingbrain-differences-between-digital-and-print/.
- If a source such as a film, television episode, or performance has many contributors, include the ones most relevant to your project, stating their role after their name(s).
- Kuzui, Fran Rubel, director. Buffy the Vampire Slayer. Twentieth Century Fox, 1992.
- Lefevre, Robin, director. Heartbreak House. By George Bernard Shaw, performances by Philip Bosco and Swoosie Kurtz, Roundabout Theatre Company, 1 Oct. 2006, American Airlines Theatre, New York.
- “Hush.” Buffy the Vampire Slayer, created by Joss Whendon, performance by Sarah Michelle Gellar, season 4, episode 10, Mutant Enemy, 1999.
- Chang, Ailsa, host. “Why Scientists Can’t Explain All the Appeal of an Eclipse.” Morning Edition, NPR, 11 Aug. 2017. NPR, www.npr.org/2017/08/11/542753070/scientists-can-t-explain-all-the-appeal-of-an-eclipse, radio program.
Video/Song on a Website
- "Buffy the Vampire Slayer: Unaired Pilot 1996." YouTube, uploaded by Brian Stowe, 28 Jan. 2012, www.youtube.com/watch?v=WR3J-v7QXXw, type of medium (SoundCloud, Facebook post).
Endnotes should be restricted to additional non-bibliographic information only and should be typed as text (that is, do not use automatic computer electronic footnote facilities).